The glowing fluorite
Miners also say fluorspar for fluorite.
Fluorite consists of the elements calcium and fluorine.
Fluorite is found all over the world.
You often find it together with the minerals:
Quartz, calcite, barite, Galena (galena),
sphalerite (sphalerite) or pyrite (cat´s gold).
Fluorite is an important raw material
It helps as a flux in the melting of
Through it, the melt becomes liquid
That´s why you save fuel.
So the fluorite also came to the name
Microscopes or telescopes have fluorite lenses.
Through them, even ultraviolet light
Glass lenses, on the other hand, filter this light.
Because pure fluorites are rare,
huge monocrystals are grown in
Hydrofluoric acid is also produced from fluorite.
The acid is dangerous, but can etch glass.
The toothpaste contains fluoride.
It cures your enamel and
protects your teeth from tooth decay
and nasty holes.
Which forms do the fluorite crystals have?
Mostly you will find cubes or octahedra.
Octahedra consist of two pyramids.
Fluorite has a hardness of 4 on the
Mohs hardness scale.
Diamond has the hardness 10,
that´s why it´s the hardest mineral in
Sebum is very soft and has the
The fluorite is harder than your
You can´t scratch it.
He is too soft to scratch a glass plate.
If you hit a piece of fluorite with a
arise straight and smooth split pieces.
This is a typical sign of good
Sometimes you can see such gaps in
They look like cracks in the glass.
The crystals of fluorite look colorless.
But in nature that rarely happens.
Tiny amounts of other elements color
the crystals in all possible colors:
yellow, pink, purple, even black,
green, blue or brown!
Some colored fluorites have their own
The golden yellow fluorite is called
the purple Stinkspat.
Rare and precious are pink fluorites.
You can only find them in the Alps.
Some fluorites glow in the dark.
For that you have to irradiate them
with ultraviolet light.
How to create the glow without this
You see in our exciting experiment.
Click on the video!
The experiment is carried out by Christina Seifert, museum educator of terra mineralia.
Scientists call this luminous
For the fluorite shine, it needs energy.
The fluorit gets it from the ultraviolet light
or by heating.
But how exactly does that work?
All atoms concist of a nucleus,
around him electrons circle in bowls.
The high-energy UV light lifts the
on the outermost shell to the next
When the outside electrons fall back,
they release this energy in the form of light.
The mineral shines!
Does the light stop, when the UV light
The you have seen the fluorescence.
But if you see the light shine longer,
as with pointers on the kitchen clock?
Then you see the phosphorescence.
There is a persistence.
HAve fun with our little FluoRiddle!
If you have paid close attention, you
will quickly find the solutions.