Geoscientific Collections of the TU Bergakademie Freiberg

The Freiberg collections belong to the ten oldest of the more than 450 important geoscientific collections in the world. They were founded in 1765 together with the Bergakademie Freiberg to ensure that students are well trained and possess a readily applicable knowledge. Up to the present days, the museums provide a unique basis for teaching and research. The museum´s foundations were donations of the founders of the Mining Academy F. A. v. Heynitz (1725-1802) and F. W. v. Oppel (1720-1769).

The collections are subdivided into six sections that are stored at the Mineralogical Institute (A.-G.-Werner-Bau) and at the Geological Institute (A.-v.-Humboldt-Bau). Large parts of the collections are open to the public and even more extensive stores can be used by researchers from Germany and abroad. Moreover, a large collection of reference materials is available.

Mineralogical Collection of the TU Bergakademie Freiberg (Werner-Bau)

The Freiberg Mineralogical Collection is linked to famous names such as Werner, Mohs, Breithaupt, Weisbach, Kolbeck and v. Philipsborn. They were responsible for the management, enlargement and completion of the stocks. In 1946, the Bergakademie Freiberg was reopened, and Leutwein took over the charge of the collection. In 1958, Roesler became the director of the museum. An extensive international trade system was established to complete the collection in times of financial difficulties. Today the collection comprises about 80.000 specimens.

The exhibition is subdivided into the following sections:

The systematical collection is arranged following the classification of Strunz and the text book by Roesler. Both, crystal chemistry data and genetic relationships are considered. A regional collection is displaying minerals from the eastern part of Germany.

Important historical stocks of the museum are the original mineral discoveries by Werner, Breithaupt and Weisbach, as well as the Rittersgrün meteorite and the Werner's assets. New important stocks are a proustite collection and fine bismuth specimens from Schlema, native silver from Pöhla, as well as whewellite crystals from Freital, Schlema and Ronneburg.